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◐ 비궁굴슬(卑躳屈膝/卑躬屈膝) ◑ bēi gōng qū xī

▶ 卑 낮을 비 躬 몸 궁 屈 굽을 굴 膝 무릎 슬

▶ 비굴하게 남에게 아첨하다. 卑躬:低头弯腰;屈膝:弯曲膝盖;指下跪。形容没有骨气;谄媚;讨好的无耻形象。 bow low and humiliate oneself

卑躬屈膝和“奴颜婢膝”、“奴颜媚骨”;都有“向别人讨好”的意思;有时可以通用。但“奴颜婢膝”偏重在“奴气”;“奴颜媚骨”偏重在“奴性”;而且一般不用在描述动作的前面。

▶ [출전] 宋 魏了翁《鹤山文集 江陵州丛兰精舍记》:“公卿大臣皆卑躬屈膝唯后,虽谢安石之贤也,而犹不能免。”

[동의어] 노안비슬(奴颜婢膝), 아유봉승(阿谀奉承), 아유봉영(阿谀奉迎),

[반의어] 강정부아(刚正不阿), 녕사불굴(宁死不屈), 부항부비(不亢不卑)





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