◐ 상형견출(相形見絀/相形见绌) ◑ xiāng xíng jiàn chù

▶ 相 서로 상 形 형상 형 见 볼 견 绌 꿰맬 출

▶ 形:比较;见:显示出;绌:不够;不足。和同类的事物相比较;显出不足。 (다른 것과) 비교하여 부족함이 드러나다. pale by comparison

相形见绌和“黯然失色”;都可表示“相形之下显得不够”的意思;常可通用。不同在于:①相形见绌语义比较轻;是直接陈述性的。“黯然失色”的语义重;是形象的比喻。②相形见绌一般不能用于表示“失去颜色、暗淡无光”的意思;“黯然失色”则可以。

▶ [출전] 清 李绿园《歧路灯》:“见娄朴,同窗共砚,今日相形见绌。难说心中不鼓动么?”

[동의어] 암연실색(黯然失色), 상형실색(相形失色)

[반의어] 학립계군(鹤立鸡群), 출인두지(出人头地)





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