◐ 급여성화(急如星火) ◑ jí rú xīng huǒ

▶ 急 급할 급 如 같을 여 星 별 성 火 불 화

▶ 유성(流星)처럼 몹시 빠르다. 성화같이 몹시 다급하다[급박하다]. 성화(星火)같다. 星火:流星。急迫得像一闪而过的流星一样。形容非常紧急。 most urgent, admit of no delay; be extremely pressing; require lightning action

急如星火和“십만화급十万火急”;都有“十分火急”和“非常急迫”的意思;急如星火不仅用在形势急迫的非常情况;还用在事情急速要去办的情况。

▶ 晋朝时期,蜀国尚书郎李密在蜀亡后回乡与96岁的祖母相依为命。晋武帝司马炎征召他为太子洗马。李密要侍奉祖母不愿做官,他写《陈情表》说:“郡县逼迫,催臣上道,州司临门,急于星火。”待侍奉好祖母百年后再出门为官

[출전] 晋 李密《陈情表》:“州司临门,急于星火。”

[동의어] 경황실조(惊慌失措), 급우성화(急于星火), 화소미모(火烧眉毛)

[반의어] 종용부박(从容不迫), 만조사리(慢条斯理), 완병지계(缓兵之计)
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