◐ 기갑예병(棄甲曳兵/弃甲曳兵) ◑ qì jiǎ yè bīng

▶ 弃 버릴 기 甲 첫째천간 갑 曳 끌 예 兵 군사 병

▶ 갑옷을 버리고 무기를 질질 끌며 패주(敗走)하다. 弃:丢弃;甲:古时军人穿的铁片做成的护身衣;曳:拖着;兵:兵器。丢弃铠甲;拖着兵器。 形容打了败仗而狼狈逃窜。 throw away their armour and trail their weapons behind them

▶ 战国时期,梁惠王向孟子请教人口不增长的原因,孟子说:“你是关心百姓的疾苦,但你喜欢打仗,不少百姓死于战争。在战场上他们只好弃甲曳兵了。打比方说战争中潜逃50步的士兵讥笑逃100步的士兵,逃跑的本质是一样的。”梁惠王决心停战.

[출전] 先秦 孟轲《孟子 梁惠王上》:“填然鼓之,兵刃既接,弃甲曳兵而走,或百步而后止,或五十步而后止。”

[동의어] 포두서찬(抱头鼠窜), 주회기갑(丢盔弃甲)

[반의어] 마도성공(马到成功), 소향피미(所向披靡)
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