◐ 간난험조(艱難險阻/艰难险阻) ◑ jiān nán xiǎn zǔ

▶ 艰 어려울 간 难 어려울 난 险 험할 험 阻 험할 조

▶ (일이나 생활 속에서) 곤란. 좌절. 위험. 장애. 险阻:险恶阻塞的地方。指前进过程中遇到的困难、危险和阻碍。 difficulty and hardship.

艰难险阻和“千难万险천난만험”;都形容困难和危险。但艰难险阻除讲困难和危险外;还有指障碍的意思;“千难万险”重在困难和困难多。

▶ 春秋时期,晋文公重耳励精图治,使晋国日益强大,准备挑战当时的霸主楚成王。公元前632年,晋文公亲率大军进攻曹、卫小国,楚成王派大将子玉前去救援曹,告诫子玉说重耳在外流亡19年,什么艰难险阻都经历过,得小心对付.

[출전] 左丘明《左传  僖公二十八年》 : “晋侯在外十九年矣,而果得晋国,险阻艰难,备尝之矣。”

[예문] 南极考察队的队员们,战胜了各种艰难险阻,终于完成了考察任务。

[동의어] 형극재도(荆棘载途), 간난곡절(艰难曲折), 간난신고(艰难辛苦)

[반의어] 일범풍순(一帆风顺), 무왕부리(无往不利), 만사형통(万事亨通)
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