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Chapter 064-05 낙성과 기주

  敘乃與統兵校尉尹奉,趙昂商議。原來趙昂之子趙月,現隨馬超為裨將。趙昂當日應允,歸見其妻王氏曰:「吾今日與姜敘,楊阜,尹奉一處商議,欲報韋康之讎。想吾子趙月現隨馬超,今若興兵,超必先殺吾子,奈何?」其妻厲聲曰:「雪君之父大恥,雖喪身亦不惜,何況一子乎?君若顧子而不行,吾當先死矣。」趙昂乃決。次日一同起兵。姜敘,楊阜屯歷城,尹奉,趙昂屯祁山。王氏乃盡將首飾資帛,親自往祁山軍中,賞勞軍士,以勵其眾。

  馬超聞姜敘,楊阜會合尹奉,趙昂興兵舉事,大怒,即將趙月斬之;令龐德,馬岱盡起軍馬,殺奔歷城來。姜敘,楊阜引兵出。兩陣圓處,楊阜,姜敘衣白袍而出,大罵曰:「叛君無義之賊!」馬超大怒,衝將過來,兩軍混戰。姜敘、楊阜,如何抵得馬超,大敗而走。馬超驅兵趕來。背後喊聲起處,尹奉,趙昂殺來。超急回時,兩下夾攻,首尾不能相顧。

  正鬥間,斜刺裏大隊軍馬殺來。原來是夏侯淵得了曹操軍令,正領軍來破馬超。超如何當得了三路軍馬,大敗奔回,走了一夜。比及平明,到得冀城叫門時,城上亂箭射下。梁寬,趙衢,立在城上,大罵馬超,將馬超妻楊氏從城上一刀砍了,撇下屍首來;又將馬超幼子三人,並至親十餘口,都從城上,一刀一個,剁將下來。

  超氣噎塞胸,幾乎墜下馬來。背後夏侯淵引兵追趕。超見勢大,不敢戀戰,與龐德,馬岱殺開一條路走。前面又撞見姜敘,楊阜,殺了一陣;衝得過去,又撞著尹奉,趙昂,殺了一陣。零零落落,剩得五六十騎,連夜奔走。四更前後,走到歷城下,守門者只道姜敘兵回,大開城門接入。超從城南門邊殺起,盡洗城中百姓。至姜敘宅,拏出老母。母全無懼色,指馬超而大罵。超大怒。自取劍殺之。尹奉,趙昂,全家老幼,亦盡被馬超所殺。昂妻王氏因在軍中,得免於難。

  次日,夏侯淵大軍至,馬超棄城殺出,望西而逃。行不得二十里,前面一軍擺開,為首的是楊阜。超切齒而恨,拍馬挺槍刺之。阜兄弟七人,一齊來助戰。馬岱,龐德,敵住後軍。阜等七人,皆被馬超殺死。阜身中五槍,猶然死戰。後面夏侯淵大軍趕來,馬超遂走。只有龐德,馬岱六七騎後隨而去。

  夏侯淵自行安撫西諸州人民,令姜敘等各各分守,用車載楊阜赴許都,見曹操。操封阜為關內侯。阜辭曰:「阜無捍難之功,又無死難之節,於法當誅,何顏受職?」操嘉之,卒與之爵。

  卻說馬超與龐德,馬岱商議,逕往漢中投張魯。張魯大喜,以為得馬超,則西可吞益州,東可以拒曹操,乃商議欲以女招超為婿。大將楊柏諫曰:「馬超妻子遭慘禍,皆超之貽害也。主公豈可以女與之?」魯從其言,遂罷招婿之議。或以楊柏之言,告知馬超。超大怒,有殺楊柏之意。楊柏知之,與兄楊松商議,亦圖馬超之心。

  正值劉璋遣使求救於張魯,魯不從。忽報劉璋又遣黃權到。權先來見楊松,說:「東西兩川,實為脣齒;西川若破,東川亦難保矣。今若肯相救,當以二十州相酬。」松大喜,即引黃權來見張魯,說脣齒利害,更以二十州相謝。魯喜其利,從之。巴西閻圃諫曰:「劉璋與主公世讎,今事急求救,詐許割地,不可從也」忽階下一人進曰:「某雖不才,願乞一旅之師,生擒劉備。務要割地以還。」正是:

方看真主來西蜀,
又見精兵出漢中。

未知其人是誰,且看下文分解。


109 There was now no excuse for delay, and Jiang Xu had to act. He summoned two of his officers, Yin Feng and Zhao Ang, and took counsel with them.

110 Now Zhao Ang had a son, Zhao Yue, who was an officer in the army of Ma Chao. When Zhao Ang had to consent to take part against his son's chief, he became very unhappy and went home to talk over it with his wife, Lady Wang.

111 He said, "I have today been led into a scheme to destroy Ma Chao and avenge Wei Kang. But there is our son there in Ma Chao's service, and Ma Chao will certainly put our son to death as soon as he hears that we are arming against him. What is to be done?"

112 But his wife replied angrily, "Should anyone grudge even his life to avenge his liege lord or his father? How much less a son? My lord, if you let the thought of your son stay your hand, then will I die forthwith."

113 This decided the matter, and without further parley Zhao Ang decided to share the expedition and set about preparations. The army was soon on the way. Jiang Xu and Yang Fu camped at the city of Licheng; Zhao Ang and Yin Feng camped at Qishan. The wife of Zhao Ang sold her ornaments and went in person to her husband's camp to feast his soldiers.

114 The fears of Zhao Ang concerning the fate of his son were only too soon justified. At the first news of the march of an army against him, Ma Chao beheaded the young Zhao Yue. Then Ma Chao marched his force, together with Pang De and Ma Dai, to Licheng, and the troops under Jiang Xu and Yang Fu went out to oppose it. The two leaders on the avenging side went to battle dressed in mourning white.

115 They railed at Ma Chao, crying, "Wicked traitor! Rebel!"

116 Ma Chao angrily dashed across toward them, and the fight began. From the very first it was seen that the defenders of the city could not hope to beat off the attack, and they turned to flee. Ma Chao pursued them. But soon he heard the shouting of soldiers behind him and found the other army led by Zhao Ang and Yin Feng was attacking his rear. Wherefore he was between two armies and had a double battle to fight. As he turned toward that in his rear, Jiang Xu and Yang Fu returned again to the attack. And while engaged with these two, there suddenly appeared a third force under Xiahou Yuan, who had just received orders from Cao Cao to come against Ma Chao.

117 Three attacks at once were too much for Ma Chao, and he fled, his force in utter confusion. He retreated all that night and at dawn reached his own city of Jicheng. He hailed the gate, but a flight of arrows was the response. Soon after, Liang Kuan and Zhao Qu appeared and reviled him from the ramparts above. More than this, they dragged his wife, Lady Yang, up upon the wall, hacked her before his face, and threw the bloody body at his feet. They followed up this by the murder in like manner of his three sons and other members of his family to the number of ten and more. And all their dead bodies were flung from the wall.

118 Rage and despair filled Ma Chao's bosom; he almost fell from his steed. But little time was allowed to grieve, for Xiahou Yuan was nearly upon him. Knowing that he could not oppose this force with any chance of victory, he made no battle line, but set off with two of his generals, Ma Dai and Pang De, to cut his way through such parties of the enemy as they might meet. Their sole object was escape, so when they fell upon Yang Fu and Jiang Xu, they only fought to get through, and in the same way they cut an alley through the army under Yin Feng and Zhao Ang. However, they lost most of their few followers, and at the end had only some sixty horsemen left.

119 About the fourth watch they came to Licheng. In the darkness, the gate guards, thinking only of the return of their own troops, opened the gates and unwittingly let in the enemy. Once in the city Ma Chao and his followers began the slaughter, and everyone, soldier or common person, was slain, till the city was swept clear from the south gate to the very center.

120 Presently they came to the residence of Jiang Xu and dragged forth his aged mother. She showed no sign of fear, but reviled Ma Chao till in his anger he slew her with his own sword. Thence they went to the house of Yin Feng and Zhao Ang and slew all they found therein. The only person who escaped the massacre was Lady Wang, wife of Zhao Ang, who had accompanied her husband.

121 But the city proved no place of safety. Xiahou Yuan with his army appeared the following day, and Ma Chao fled before him to the west. But ere he had gone seven miles, he came face to face with another army drawn up in battle array. Yang Fu was the leader.

122 Grinding his teeth with rage, Ma Chao set his spear and rode at Yang Fu, while his two generals, Ma Dai and Pang De, attacked the rear. Yang Fu was overcome, and his seven brothers who had gone with him into the battle were slain. Yang Fu himself was wounded in five places, but still fought on till he was wounded down.

123 However, Xiahou Yuan had not left pursuing Ma Chao. He came up to the city, and Ma Chao fled. His army was now reduced to the two generals and about five or six of horsemen, and these few were left to go their way.

124 Cao Cao's general, Xiahou Yuan, set himself to restore order and tranquillity in the region of Xizhou, after which he apportioned its defense among Jiang Xu and other trustworthy commanders. The wounded leader Yang Fu was sent to the capital in a carriage. When he arrived Xuchang, he saw Cao Cao who offered him the title of Lordship.

125 But Yang Fu declined the honor, saying, "I have neither the credit of a successful defense nor the merit of death with my master. Death should be my portion rather than honors. How could I accept the offer?"

126 Cao Cao praised him and insisted on granting the lordship.

127 Having escaped from their pursuers, Ma Chao and his few followers decided to make for Hanzhong and offer their services to Governor Zhang Lu. Zhang Lu received them gladly, for he thought with such help he could certainly get possession of Yizhou on the west as well as repel Cao Cao on the east. More than this, he thought to cement the friendship by giving Ma Chao a daughter to wife. But this displeased one of Zhang Lu's generals, Yang Bo.

128 "The misfortune that befell Ma Chao's wife and family was entirely the fault of his own misconduct. Would you give your daughter to such as he to wife?" said Yang Bo.

129 Zhang Lu again considered the matter and abandoned his intention. But a certain busybody told Ma Chao what had been proposed and that Yang Bo had defeated the scheme. Whereupon Ma Chao was very annoyed and sought to compass the death of Yang Bo. Yang Bo and his brother, Yang Song, on the other side conspired to destroy Ma Chao.

130 At this time a messenger from Liu Zhang of Yizhou arrived in Hanzhong begging for assistance against the invader Liu Bei. Zhang Lu refused help. But then Huang Quan came on the same errand. He first saw Yang Song and talked to him and brought him to favor the scheme.

131 Huang Quan said, "The East and West River Lands, which stand next each other as the lips are close to the teeth, are interdependent. If Yizhou is lost, Hanzhong has little chance to survive. On the other hand, once relieved by your help, Imperial Protector Liu Zhang will reward twenty counties to Hanzhong as compensation."

132 So Huang Quan won over Yang Song, who led him to see his master. To Zhang Lu again Huang Quan spoke forcibly and laid the matter before him so cogently that Zhang Lu promised his help.

133 But Yan Pu, one of Zhang Lu's officers, tried to dissuade him, saying, “This plead for help and offering of twenty counties are only their temporary tactics. Liu Zhang and you are old enemies. His promise is not to be trusted.”

134 And another suddenly interjected, saying, "Useless I may be, but if you will give me troops, I will capture this Liu Bei and you will retain all your land."

135 The land's true lord goes west and then 
Hanzhong sends forth its bravest men.

136 Who made this bold offer? The next chapter will tell.




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