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Chapter 098-02 또다시 기산으로 나아가다

  正躊躇間,忽報隴西魏軍運糧數千車於祁山之西,運糧官乃孫禮也。孔明曰:「其人如何?」有魏人告曰:「此人曾隨魏主出獵於大石山。忽驚起一猛虎,直奔御前,孫禮下馬拔劍斬之。從此封為上將軍。乃曹真心腹人也」。孔明笑曰:「此是魏將料吾乏糧,故用此計。車上裝載者,必是茅草引火之物。吾平生專用火攻,彼乃欲以此計誘我耶?彼若知吾軍去劫糧草,必來劫我寨矣。可將計就計而行。」遂喚馬岱分付曰:「汝引三千軍逕到魏兵屯糧之所,不可入營,但於上風頭放火。若燒著車仗,魏兵必來圍吾寨。」又差馬忠、張嶷各引五千兵在外圍住,內外夾攻。

  三人受計去了。又喚關興、張苞分付曰:「魏兵頭營接連四通之路。今晚若山西火起,魏兵必來截吾營。汝二人卻伏於魏寨左右。等它出寨,汝二人便可劫之。又喚吳班、吳懿分付曰:「汝二人各引一軍伏於營外。若魏兵到,可截其歸路。」

  孔明分撥已畢,自在祁山上憑高而坐。魏兵探知蜀兵要來劫糧,慌忙報與孫禮。禮令人飛報曹真。真遣人去頭營分付看張虎、樂綝:「看今夜山西火起,蜀兵必來救應。可以出軍,如此如此。」二人受計,令人登樓專看火號。

  卻說孫禮把軍伏於山西,只待蜀兵到。是夜二更馬岱引三千兵來,人皆銜枚,馬皆勒口。逕到山西,見許多車仗,重重疊疊,攢繞成營,車仗虛插旌旗。正值西南風起,岱令軍士逕去營南放火,車仗盡著,光火沖天。

  孫禮只道蜀兵到魏寨內放火號,急引兵一齊掩至。背後鼓角喧天,兩路兵殺來,乃是馬忠、張嶷把魏兵圍在核心。孫禮大驚。又聽得魏軍中喊聲起,一彪軍從火光中殺來,乃是馬岱。內外夾攻,魏兵大敗。火緊風急,人馬亂竄,死者無數。孫禮引軍中傷軍,沖煙冒火而走。

  卻說張虎在營中,望見火光沖天,大開寨門,與樂綝盡引人馬,殺奔蜀寨來,寨中不見一人;急收軍回時,吳班、吳懿兩路兵殺出,斷其歸路。張、樂二將急衝出軍圍,奔回本寨,只見土城之上,箭如非蝗。原來卻被關興、張苞襲了營寨。魏兵大敗,皆投曹真寨來,方欲入寨,只見一彪敗軍飛奔而來,乃是孫禮;遂同入寨見真,各言中計之事。

  真聽知,謹守大寨,更不出戰。蜀兵得勝,回見孔明。孔明密令人授計與魏延,一面教拔寨齊起。楊儀曰:「今已大勝,挫盡魏兵銳氣,何故反欲收兵?」孔明曰:「吾兵無糧,利在急戰。今彼堅守不出,吾受其病矣。彼今雖暫時兵敗,中原必有增益。若以輕騎襲吾糧道,那時要歸不能。今乘魏軍兵敗,不敢正視蜀兵,便可出其不意,乘機退去。所憂者但魏延一軍,在陳倉道口拒住王雙,急不能脫身。吾已令人授以密計殺王雙,使魏人不敢來追,只令後隊先行。」當夜孔明只留金鼓守在寨中打更。一夜兵已盡退,只落空營。


19 While thus perplexed, they heard that many carts of provisions for Wei were passing by from the West Valley Land, and the convoy was commanded by Sun Li.

20 "What is known of this Sun Li?" asked Zhuge Liang.

21 A certain man of Wei replied, "He is a bold man. Once he was out hunting with the Ruler of Wei on Great Rock Hill, and a tiger suddenly appeared in front of his master's chariot. He jumped off his horse and dispatched the beast with his sword. He was rewarded with a Commandership. He is an intimate friend of Cao Zhen."

22 "This is a ruse," said Zhuge Liang. "They know we are short of food, and those carts are only a temptation. They are laden with combustibles. How can they imagine that I shall be deceived by this sort of thing, when I have fought them with fire so many times? If we go to seize the convoy, they will come and raid our camp. But I will meet ruse with ruse."

23 Then Zhuge Liang sent Ma Dai with order: "You and three thousand troops are to make your way to the enemy's store camp and, when the wind serves, to start a fire. When the stores are burning, the soldiers of Wei will come to surround our camp. That is how we will provoke a battle."

24 He also sent Ma Zheng and Zhang Ni with five thousand troops each to halt near the camp so that they might attack from without.

25 These having gone, he called Guan Xing and Zhang Bao, and said, "The outermost camp of Wei is on the main road. This night, when the enemy see a blaze, our camp will be attacked, so you two are to lie in wait on the two sides of the Wei camp and seize it when they have left."

26 Calling Hu Ban and Wu Yi, he said, "You are to lie in wait outside the camp to cut off the retreat of the force of Wei."

27 All these arrangements made, Zhuge Liang betook himself to a summit of the Qishan Mountains to watch the results.

28 The soldiers of Wei heard that their enemies were coming to seize the grain convoy and ran to tell Sun Li, who sent on a message to Cao Zhen.

29 Cao Zhen sent to the chief camp for Zhang Hu and Yue Chen and told them, "Look out for a signal blaze; that would mean the coming of the army of Shu, and then you are to raid the Shu camp immediately."

30 Zhang Hu and Yue Chen sent watchers on the tower to look out for the promised blaze.

31 Meanwhile Sun Li marched over and hid in the west hills to await the coming of the men of Shu. That night, at the second watch, Ma Dai came with his three thousand troops all silent, the soldiers with gags, the horses with a lashing round their muzzles. They saw tier after tier of carts on the hills, making an enclosure like a walled camp, and on the carts were planted many flags.

32 They waited. Presently the southwest wind came up, and then they launched the fire. Soon all the carts were in a blaze that lit up the sky. Sun Li saw the blaze and could only conclude that the troops of Shu had arrived and his own side were giving the signal, so he dashed out to attack. But soon two parties of soldiers were heard behind him closing in. These were Ma Zheng and Zhang Ni, who soon had Sun Li as in a net. Then he heard a third ominous roll of drums, which heralded the approach of Ma Dai from the direction of the blaze.

33 Under these several attacks, the troops of Wei quailed and gave way. The fire grew more and more fierce. Soldiers ran and horses stampeded, and the dead were too many to count. Sun Li made a dash through the smoke and fire of the battle and got away.

34 When Zhang Hu and Yue Chen saw the fire, they threw open the gates of their camp and sallied forth to help defeat the army of Shu by seizing their camp. But when they reached the Shu camp, they found it empty. So they hurried to set out to return. That was the moment for Hu Ban and Wu Yi to appear and cut off their retreat. However, they fought bravely and got through. But when at length they reached their own camp, they were met by arrows flying thick as locusts. For Guan Xing and Zhang Bao had taken possession in their absence.

35 They could only set out for headquarters to report their mishap. As they neared Cao Zhen's camp, they met another remnant marching up. They were Sun Li's soldiers, and the two parties went into camp together and told the tale of their victimization. Cao Zhen thereafter looked to his defenses and attacked no more.

36 Thus victorious, the soldiers of Shu went to Zhuge Liang, who at once dispatched secret directions to Wei Yan. Then Zhuge Liang gave orders to break camp and retreat.

37 This move was not understood, and Yang Yi asked the leader, "O Prime Minister, you have just scored a victory, and the enemy have lost their bravery; why retreat?"

38 "Because we are short of food," said Zhuge Liang. "Our success lay in swift victory, but the enemy will not fight, and thus they weaken us day by day. Though we have worsted them now, they will soon be reinforced, and their light horse can cut off our provisions. Then we could not retreat at all. For a time they will not dare look at us, and we must take the occasion to do what they do not expect, and retreat. But I am solicitous about Wei Yan, who is on the Chencang road to keep off Wang Shuang. I fear he cannot get away. So I have sent him certain orders to slay Wang Shuang, and then the force of Wei will not dare to pursue."

39 Therefore the retreat began, but to deceive the enemy the watchmen were left in the empty camp to beat the watches through the night.



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