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Chapter 101-04 두번째 퇴군

  眾軍聞之,皆大呼曰:「丞相如此施恩,我等願且不回,各捨一命,大殺魏兵,以報丞相!」孔明曰:「爾等應該還家,豈可復留於此?」眾軍皆欲出戰,不願回家。孔明曰:「汝等既要與我出戰,可出城安營,待魏兵到,莫待他息喘,便急攻之:此以逸待勞之法也。」眾兵領命,各執兵器,懽喜出城,列陣而待。

  卻說西涼人馬倍道而來,走的人馬困乏;方欲下營歇息,被蜀兵一擁而進,一人人奮勇,將銳兵驍,雍、涼兵抵敵不住,望後便退。蜀兵奮力追殺,殺得那雍、涼兵屍橫遍野,血流成渠。孔明出城,收聚得勝之兵,入城賞勞,忽報永安李嚴有書告急。孔明大驚,拆封視之。書云:「近聞東吳令人入洛陽,與魏連和。魏令吳代蜀,幸吳尚未起兵。今嚴探知消息,伏望丞相早作良圖。」

  孔明覽畢,甚是驚疑,乃聚眾將曰:「若東吳興兵寇蜀,吾須緊速回也。」即傳令,教祁山大寨人馬,且退回西川;「司馬懿知吾屯軍在此,必不敢追趕。」於是王平、張嶷、吳班、吳懿,分兵兩路,徐徐退入西川去了。

  張郃見蜀兵退去,恐有計策,不敢來追,乃引兵來見司馬懿曰:「今蜀兵退去,不知何意?」懿曰:「孔明詭計極多,不可輕動。不如堅守,待他糧盡,自然退去。」大將魏平出曰:「蜀兵拔祁山之營而退,正可乘勝追之。都督按兵不動,畏蜀如虎,奈天下笑何?」懿堅執不從。

  卻說孔明知祁山兵已回,遂喚馬忠、楊儀入帳,授以密計,先引一萬弓弩手,去劍閣木門道,兩下埋伏;若魏兵追到,聽吾砲響,急滾下木石,先截其去路,兩頭一齊射之。二人引兵去了。又喚魏延、關興引兵斷後,城上四面遍插旌旗,城內亂堆柴草,虛放煙火。大兵盡望木門道而去。

  魏營巡哨兵來報司馬懿曰:「蜀兵大隊已退,但不知城中還有多少兵?」懿自往視之,見城上插旗,城中煙起,笑曰:「此乃空城也。」令人探之,果是空城。懿大喜曰:「孔明已退,誰敢追之?」先鋒張郃曰:「吾願往。」懿阻曰:「公性急躁,不可去。」郃曰:「都督出關之時,命吾為先鋒;今日正是立功之際,卻不用吾,何也?」懿曰:「蜀兵退去,險阻處必有埋伏,須十分仔細,方可追之。」郃曰:「吾已知得,不必挂慮。」懿曰:「公自欲去,莫要追悔。」郃曰:「大丈夫捨身報國,雖萬死無恨。」懿曰:「公既堅執要去,可引五千兵先行;卻教魏平引二萬馬步兵後行,以防埋伏。吾自引三千兵隨後接應。」

  張郃領命,引兵火速追趕。行到三十餘里,忽然背後喊聲大震,樹林內閃出一彪軍,為首大將,橫刀勒馬大叫曰:「賊將引兵那裡去!」郃回頭視之:乃魏延也。郃大怒,回馬交鋒。不十合,延詐敗而走。郃又追趕三十餘里,勒馬回顧,全無伏兵,又策馬前追。方轉過山坡,忽又喊聲大起,一彪軍擁出,為首大將,乃關興也,橫刀勒馬大叫曰:「張郃休走!有吾在此!」郃就拍馬交鋒。不十合,興撥馬便走。郃隨後追之。趕到一密林內,郃心疑,令人四下哨探,並無伏兵;於是放心又趕。


87 And they said, "Since the Prime Minister cares for us so much, we do not wish to go, but will prefer to remain to fight the Wei army to death."

88 "But you are due for home. You cannot stay here," said Zhuge Liang.

89 They reiterated that they all wished to stay instead of going home.

90 Zhuge Liang was glad and said, "Since you wish to stay and fight with me, you can go out of the city and camp ready to encounter the army of Wei as soon as they arrive. Do not give them time to rest or recover breath, but attack vigorously at once. You will be fresh and fit, waiting for those fagged with a long march."

91 So they gripped their weapons and joyfully went out of the city to array themselves in readiness.

92 Now the Yongzhou and Liangzhou troops had traveled by double marches, and so were worn out and needed rest. But while they were pitching their tents, the troops of Shu fell upon them lustily, leaders full of spirit, soldiers full of energy. The weary soldiers could make no proper stand, and retired. The troops of Shu followed, pressing on them till corpses littered the whole plain and blood flowed in runnels.

93 It was a victory for Zhuge Liang, and he came out to welcome the victors and led them into the city and distributed rewards.

94 Just then arrived an urgent letter from Li Yan, then at Baidicheng, and when Zhuge Liang had torn it open he read:

95 "News has just come that Wu has sent an envoy to Luoyang and entered into an alliance with Wei whereby Wu is to attack us. The army of Wu has not yet set out, but I am anxiously awaiting your plans."

96 Doubts and fears crowded in upon Zhuge Liang's mind as he read. He summoned his officers.

97 "As Wu is coming to invade our land, we shall have to retire quickly," said he. "If I issue orders for the Qishan force to withdraw, Sima Yi will not dare to pursue while we are camped here."

98 The Qishan force broke camp and marched in two divisions under Wang Ping, Zhang Ni, Hu Ban, and Wu Yi. Zhang He watched them go, but was too fearful of the movement being some ruse to attempt to follow. He went to see Sima Yi.

99 "The enemy have retired, but I know not for what reason."

100 "Zhuge Liang is very crafty, and you will do well to remain where you are and keep a careful lookout. Do nothing till their grain has given out, when they must retire for good," said Sima Yi.

101 Here General Wei Ping stepped forward, saying, "But they are retreating from Qishan. We should seize the occasion of their retreat to smite them. Are they tigers that you fear to move? How the world will laugh at us?"

102 But Sima Yi was obstinate and ignored the protest.

103 When Zhuge Liang knew that the Qishan troops had got away safely, he called Yang Yi and Ma Zheng and gave them secret orders to lead ten thousand of bowmen and crossbowmen out by the Wooden Path of Saber Pass and place them in ambush on both sides of the road.

104 Said he, "If the soldiers of Wei pursue, wait till you hear a bomb. When you hear the bomb, at once barricade the road with timber and stones so as to impede them. When they halt, shoot at them with the bows and the crossbows."

105 Wei Yan and Guan Xing were told to attack the rear of the enemy.

106 These orders given, the walls of Lucheng were decorated lavishly with flags, and at various points within the city were piled straw and kindling wood ready to make some smoke as though there were cooking activities in the city. The soldiers were sent out along the road toward Saber Pass.

107 The spies of Wei returned to headquarters to report: "A large number of Shu soldiers have left, but we do not know how many remain within the city."

108 In doubt, Sima Yi went himself to look, and when he saw the smoke rising from within the walls and the fluttering flags, he said, "The city is deserted!"

109 He sent men in to confirm this, and they said the place was empty.

110 "Then Zhuge Liang is really gone. Who will pursue?"

111 "Let me," replied Zhang He.

112 "You are too impulsive," said Sima Yi.

113 "I have been Leader of the Van from the first day of this expedition. Why not use me today, when there is work to be done and glory to be gained?"

114 "Because the utmost caution is necessary. They are retreating, and they will leave an ambush at every possible point."

115 "I know that, and you need not be afraid."

116 "Well; you wish to go and may, but whatever happens you must be prepared for."

117 "A really noble man is prepared to sacrifice self for country. Never mind what happens."

118 "Then take five thousand troops and start. Wei Ping shall follow with twenty thousand of horse and foot to deal with any ambush that may discover itself. I will follow later with three thousand to help where need be."

119 So Zhang He set out and advanced quickly.

120 Ten miles out he heard a roll of drums, and suddenly appeared from a wood a cohort led by Wei Yan, who galloped to the front, crying, "Whither would you go, O rebel leader?"

121 Zhang He swiftly turned and engaged Wei Yan, but after some ten passes Wei Yan fled. Zhang He rode after Wei Yan along the road for ten miles and then stopped to observe. As he saw no ambush, he turned again and resumed the pursuit. All went well till he came to a slope, when there arose shouts and yells and another body of soldiers came out.

122 "Zhang He, do not run away!" cried this leader, who was Guan Xing.

123 Guan Xing galloped close, and Zhang He did not flee. They fought, and after half a score of passes Guan Xing seemed to have the worst of the encounter and fled. Zhang He followed. Presently they neared a dense wood. Zhang He was fearful of entering in, so he sent forward scouts to search the thickets. They could find no danger, and Zhang He again pursued.




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