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Chapter 110-02 사마사의 죽음

  司馬師見毋丘儉軍退,聚多官商議。尚書傅嘏曰:「今儉兵退者,憂吳人襲壽春也,必回項城分兵拒守。將軍可令一軍取樂嘉城,一軍取項城,一軍取壽春:則淮南之卒必退矣。兗州刺史鄧艾,足智多謀;若領兵逕取樂嘉,更以重兵應之,破賊不難也。」師從之,急遣使持檄文,教鄧艾起兗州之兵破樂嘉城,師隨後引兵到彼會合。

  卻說毋兵儉在項城,不時差人去樂嘉城哨探,只恐有兵來,請文欽到營共議,欽曰:「都督勿憂。我與拙子文鴦,只消五千兵,敢保樂嘉城。」儉大喜。欽父子引五千兵投樂嘉來。前軍報說:「樂嘉城西,皆是魏兵,約有萬餘。遙望中軍,白旄黃鉞,皂蓋朱旛,簇擁虎帳。內豎立一面錦鏽帥字旗,此必司馬師也。安立營寨,尚未完備。」

  時文鴦懸鞭立於父側,聞知此語,乃告父曰:「趁彼營寨未成,可分兵兩路,左右擊之,可全勝也。」欽曰:「何時可去?」鴦曰:今夜黃昏,父引二千五百兵,從城南殺來;兒引二千五百兵,從城北殺來。三更時分,要在魏寨會合。」欽從之,當晚分兵兩路。且說文鴦年方十八歲:身長八尺,全裝貫甲,腰懸鋼鞭,綽槍上馬,遙望魏寨而進。是夜司馬師兵到樂嘉,立下營寨,等鄧艾未至。師為眼下新割肉瘤,瘡口疼痛,臥於帳中,令數百甲士環立護衛。三更時分,忽然寨內喊聲大震,人馬大亂。師急問之,人報曰:「一軍從寨北斬圍直入,為首一將,勇不可當。」師大驚,心如火烈,眼珠從肉瘤瘡口內迸出,血流遍地,疼痛難當;又恐有亂軍心,只咬被頭而忍,被皆咬爛。

  原來文鴦軍馬先到,一擁而進;在寨中左衝右突,所到之處,人不敢當;有相拒者,槍搠鞭打,無不被殺。鴦只望父到,以為外應:並不見來。數番殺到中軍,皆被弓弩射回。鴦直殺到天明,只聽得北邊鼓角喧天。鴦回顧從者曰:「父親不在南面為應,卻從北至,何也?」鴦縱馬看時,只見一軍行如猛風,為首一將,乃鄧艾也,縱馬橫刀,大呼曰:「反賊休走!」鴦大怒,挺槍迎之。戰有五十合,不分勝敗。正鬥間,魏兵大進,前後夾攻。鴦部下兵各自逃走,只文鴦單人獨馬,衝開魏兵,望南而走。背後數百員將,抖擻精神,驟馬追來;將至樂嘉橋邊,看看趕上。鴦忽然勒回馬大喝一聲,直衝入魏將陣中來,鋼鞭起處。紛紛落馬,各自退。鴦復緩緩而行。魏將聚在一處,驚訝曰:「此人尚敢退我等之眾耶!可併力追之!」於是魏將百員,復來追趕。鴦勃然大怒曰:「鼠輩何不惜命也!」提鞭撥馬,殺入魏將叢中,用鞭打死數人,復回馬緩轡而行。魏將連追四五番,皆被文鴦一人殺退。後人有詩曰:

  長板當年獨拒曹,子龍從此顯英豪。樂嘉城內爭鋒處,又見文鴦膽氣高。

  原來文欽被山路崎嶇,迷入谷中;行了半夜,此及尋路而出,天色已曉:文鴦人馬不知所向。共見魏兵大勝,欽不戰而退。魏兵乘勢追殺,欽引兵望壽春而走。


32 Seeing the enemy retreat, Sima Shi called together his officers to talk it over.

33 Chair of the Secretariat Fu Gu, who was of the expedition, said, "The retirement to Xiangcheng was obviously due to Wu's threatened attack upon Shouchun. General, you should send three armies to attack upon Xiangcheng, Lojia, and Shouchun. The Imperial Protector of Yanzhou, Deng Ai, is a man of tactics; he should be sent against Lojia. Our main army will reinforce them."

34 His plan was acceptable to Sima Shi, who sent letters to Yanzhou telling Deng Ai to march against Lojia, where Sima Shi himself would soon meet him.

35 Camped at Xiangcheng, Guanqiu Jian sent spies to Lojia to see what might be happening there, for he feared it would be attacked.

36 When he spoke of his fears to Wen Qin, the latter said, "General, you need not be anxious. My son Wen Yang and I will answer for its safety. Give us but five thousand troops."

37 Father and son, with the five thousand troops, went to Lojia.

38 Before the main body arrived, the scouts reported: "Wei banners are flying on the west of the city. There are about ten thousand troops. In their midst are seen authority ensigns such as white yaks' tails, golden axes, purple umbrellas, and a flag bearing the word Commander. Perhaps Sima Shi himself is at this camp. The troops are pitching the camp rapidly, but it is not yet complete."

39 When this was reported to Wen Qin, his son Wen Yang, bearing his famous whip of steel, was by his father's side.

40 "We should attack before they have settled down in camp, Father," said he. "Let us go quickly and attack on two sides."

41 "When can we start?" said the father.

42 "Tonight at dusk. You lead half the force round by the south, and I will march the other half round by the north, and we will meet in the third watch at the Wei camp."

43 The youth who propounded this plan was then eighteen, tall and strong. He wore complete armor and carried at his waist a steel whip. When the hour came to start, he took his spear, swung himself into the saddle and set out.

44 That night Sima Shi, who had arrived and had at once set about settling into camp, lay on a couch in his tent, for he was still suffering pain from the surgery wound beneath his eye. The tent was surrounded by several hundred armored guards. Deng Ai had not arrived.

45 About the third watch Sima Shi heard a great shouting and asked what it was.

46 One replied: "An army has come round from the north and burst into the lines. The leader is too bold for anyone to face."

47 Sima Shi became much troubled. His heart burned within him, and the excitement caused the wound to open, so that the eyeball protruded and blood flowed freely. The pain became intense, nearly unbearable. In his agony and alarm lest his army should be thrown into confusion, he lay gnawing the bed clothes till they were in rags.

48 Wen Yang's force lost no time, but attacked as soon as it arrived. He dashed into the camp, slashing and thrusting right and left, and everyone gave way before him. If anyone stayed to oppose, the sharp spear or the terrible whip did its work, and that one fell. But after a time, seeing no sign of his father, Wen Yang grew anxious. And he had to retire several times before the fierce flights of arrows and crossbow bolts as he tried to reach the main tent.

49 About daylight he heard shouts and thought they must mean the arrival of his father with help. But the shouting came from the north, and his father was to arrive by the south road. He galloped out to get a clearer view, and saw a force sweeping down like a gale of wind.

50 It was not his father, but a body of the enemy, and the leader was Deng Ai.

51 Deng Ai rode forward shouting, "Rebel, flee not!"

52 Wen Yang had no intention to flee. Setting his spear, he rode savagely toward his opponent. They engaged and fought half a hundred bouts without either gaining the advantage. Then, the duel still raging, the Wei army attacked in full force, and Wen Yang's troops began to give way and run, so that soon he found himself alone.

53 However, he got clear of the fight and went away south. But he was pursued, for more than a hundred Wei generals plucked up courage to follow when he ran away. They pressed on his heels till near the Lojia Bridge, when it seemed that they must catch him. Then he suddenly pulled up his steed, turned and rode in among them, flogging with the terrible steel whip, and wherever it struck there lay warriors and horses in confused heaps. So they left him, and he retook his way in peace.

54 Then the Wei generals met and said, "Lo! Here is a man who has driven us all backward. But we are many and may not suffer that."

55 Wherefore they reformed and once again took up pursuit.

56 "You fools?" cried Wen Yang, as he saw them coming on. "Have you then no regard for your lives?"

57 Again he fell upon them with the steel whip and slew many, so that the survivors retreated. But yet again they found courage to come on, and yet again, but they had to fall back before the lash of that terrible whip.

58 Defiance hurled at Cao Cao's mighty host 
Arrayed near Long Slope proclaimed Zhao Zilong, 
A valiant man; and peerless stood he till. 
At Lojia another hero faced, 
Alone, another host, and Wen Yang's name 
Was added to the roll of famous people.

59 Wen Qin never reached the appointed rendezvous. In the darkness he lost his way among the precipices and gullies, whence he only got out as day dawned. He saw all the signs of a fight and a victory for Wei, but could not discover whither his son had gone. So he returned without fighting, and in spite of pursuit, made his way safely to Shouchun.




소설 三國演義
第001 - 019回 桃園結義, 除董卓, 三讓徐州, 斬呂布
第020 - 038回 煮酒論英雄, 千里走單騎, 滅袁紹, 三顧茅廬
第039 - 059回 長板坡, 赤壁之戰, 三氣周瑜, 戰馬超
第060 - 080回 入西川, 逍遙津, 取漢中, 失荊州, 魏蜀稱帝
第081 - 105回 彝陵之戰, 七擒孟獲, 六出祁山,
第106 - 120回 九伐中原, 破西蜀, 三分歸一統