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Chapter 110-04 사마사의 죽음

  經回顧張明、花永、劉達、朱芳四將曰:「蜀兵背水為陣,敗則沒於水矣。姜維驍勇,汝四將可戰之。彼若退動,便可追擊。」四將分左右而出,來戰姜維。維略戰數合,撥回馬望本營便走。王經大驅士馬,一齊趕來。維引兵望洮西而走;將次近水,大呼將士曰:「事急矣!諸將何不努力!」

  眾將一齊奮力殺回,魏兵大敗。張翼、夏侯霸抄在魏兵之後,分兩路殺來,把魏兵困在垓心。維奮武揚威,殺入魏軍之中,左衝右突,魏兵大亂,自相踐踏,死者大半,逼入洮水者無數,斬首萬餘,壘屍數里。王經引敗兵百騎,奮力殺出,逕往狄道城而走;奔入城中,閉門保守。

  姜維大獲全功,犒軍己畢,便欲進兵攻打狄道城。張翼諫曰:「將軍功績已成,威聲大震,可以止矣;今若前進,倘不如意,正如畫蛇添足也。」維曰:「不然。向者兵敗,尚欲進取,縱橫中原;今日洮水一戰,魏人膽裂,吾料狄道唾手可得,汝勿自墮其志也。」張翼再三勸諫,維不從,勒兵來取狄道城。

  卻說雍州征西將軍陳泰,正欲起兵與王經報兵敗之讎,忽兗州刺史鄧艾引兵到。泰接著,禮畢。艾曰:「今奉大將軍之命,特來助將軍破敵。」泰問計於鄧艾。艾曰:「洮水得勝,若招羌人之眾,東爭關隴,傳檄四郡,此吾兵之大患也。今彼不思如此,卻圖狄道城,其城垣堅固,急切難攻,空勞兵費力耳。吾今陳兵於項嶺,然後進兵擊之,蜀兵必敗矣。」

  陳泰曰:「真妙論也!」遂先撥二十隊兵,每隊五十人,盡帶旌旗、鼓角、烽火之類,日伏夜行,去狄道城東南高山深谷之中埋伏;只待兵來,一齊鳴鼓吹角為應,夜則舉火放砲以驚之。調度已畢,專候蜀兵到來。於是陳泰、鄧艾,各引二萬兵相繼而進。

  卻說姜維圍住狄道城,令兵八面攻之,連攻數日不下,心中鬱悶,無計可施.是日黃昏時分,忽三五次流星馬報說:「有兩路兵來,旗上明書大字。一路是征西將軍陳泰,一路是兗州刺史鄧艾。」維大驚,遂請夏侯霸商議。霸曰:「吾向嘗為將軍言,鄧艾自幼深明兵法,善曉地理。今領兵到,頗為勁敵。」維曰:「彼軍遠來,我休容他住腳,便可擊之。」及留張翼攻城,命夏侯霸引兵迎陳泰。維自引兵來迎鄧艾。

  行不到五里,忽然東南一聲砲響,鼓角震地,火光沖天。維縱馬看時,只見周圍皆是魏兵旗號。維大驚曰:「中鄧艾之計矣!」遂傳令教夏侯霸、張翼各棄狄道而退。於是蜀兵皆退歸漢中。維自斷後,只聽得背後鼓聲不絕。維退入劍閣之時,方知火鼓二十餘處,皆虛設也。維收兵退屯於鍾提。

  且說後主因姜維有洮西之功,降詔封維為大將軍。維受了職,上表謝恩畢,再議出師伐魏之策。正是:

成功不必添蛇足,討賊猶思奮虎威。

  未知此番北伐如何,且看下文分解。


91 Then Wang Jing turned and said to four of his generals, Zhang Ming, Hua Yong, Liu Dan, and Zhu Fang, "You see that the enemy is drawn up with a river at his back, so that his troops must conquer or drown. Though Jiang Wei is bold, you four can fight him at the same time and pursue if he retires."

92 The four rode out two and two. Jiang Wei stood through a few encounters, but then moved backward toward his camp. At this, Wang Jing led on his main body to smite. Jiang Wei fled toward the river.

93 As he drew near he shouted, "Danger, O Generals! Now do your utmost!"

94 His generals turned on the foe and fought with such vigor that the Wei army was defeated, and, as they turned away, Zhang Yi and Xiahou Ba fell upon their rear. Soon the Wei army was hemmed in, and Jiang Wei rushed in among the host of Wei and threw them into utter confusion. They trod each other down in the press, and many fell into the river. Dead bodies lay about over several miles.

95 Wang Jing and a hundred horsemen forced their way out and fled to Didao, where they entered within the walls and barred the gates.

96 After Jiang Wei had rewarded and feasted his army, he was for attacking Didao, but Zhang Yi was against this.

97 "General, you have won a great victory, which will bring you fame. If you attempt more, things may go astray, and you will only add legs to your sketch of a serpent."

98 Said Jiang Wei, "When our army were defeated not long ago, they still desired to overrun the whole north. Now our opponents have been overcome, and that has broken the spirit of their army, and this city can be easily captured. Do not damp the spirit of the soldiers."

99 So it was decided to attack Didao despite further remonstrances of Zhang Yi.

100 Chen Tai, General Who Conquers the West and Commander of Yongzhou, was just about to set out to avenge the defeat of Wang Jing when Deng Ai, Imperial Protector of Yanzhou, arrived with his army. Chen Tai welcomed him, and when Deng Ai had said he had come by imperial edict to assist to defeat the army of Shu, Chen Tai asked his plans.

101 Deng Ai replied, "They are victors on River Yao. If they enlist the aid of the Qiangs to cause a diversion in the West Valley Land and the Land Within the Passes and also obtain the support of the four counties, it will be a misfortune for us. If they do not think of that, but try to take Didao, they will only fritter away their energies against a place too strongly fortified for them to capture. Let us now array our force along the Xiangling Mountain, and then we can advance and smite them. We shall get a victory."

102 "That is well said!" cried Chen Tai.

103 Then twenty cohorts of fifty soldiers each were told off to find their way secretly to the southeast of Didao and there hide in the valleys. They were then to display many ensigns and sound trumpets as if they were a very large force, and make huge fires at night, so as to cause anxiety among the enemy. And thus they waited for the troops of Shu to come, while Chen Tai and Deng Ai marched with forty thousand troops against the Shu army.

104 The army of Shu had marched to Didao and begun the siege around the whole circuit of the walls. At the end of many days the fall of the city seemed no nearer, and Jiang Wei began to fret. He could think of no plan likely to succeed.

105 One eventide a horseman came in to report: "Two armies are approaching rapidly, and the names on the banners were General Who Conquers the West Chen Tai and Imperial Protector of Yanzhou Deng Ai."

106 Jiang Wei called in his colleague Xiahou Ba, who said, "I have spoken to you of Deng Ai many times. He is perspicacious, valiant, resourceful, and has always delighted in the study of military topography. As he is coming, we shall have to put forth all our energies."

107 Jiang Wei replied, "We will attack before he can get a foothold and while his soldiers are fatigued with the march."

108 So Zhang Yi was left to carry on the siege while the two leaders went out to meet the new armies. Jiang Wei went against Deng Ai, and Xiahou Ba against Chen Tai.

109 Before Jiang Wei had marched far, the stillness was broken by the roar of a bomb, and at once all about the Shu army arose the rolling of drums and the blare of trumpets, soon followed by flames that shot up to the very sky. Jiang Wei rode to the front and saw the ensigns of Wei all about him.

110 "I have fallen into a trap set by Deng Ai!" cried he.

111 He sent orders to Xiahou Ba and Zhang Yi to withdraw immediately while he would cover their retreat. When they had retired, he followed them into Hanzhong, harassed all along the road by the sounds of marching soldiers and glimpses of enemy banners. But these enemies never attacked. It was only after the army had retreated to Saber Pass that Jiang Wei knew all this was make-believe.

112 He camped in Zhongti. For his services and success on River Yao, Jiang Wei was rewarded with the rank of Regent Marshal. As soon as the ceremonies connected with his promotion were ended, he began again to talk of an expedition against Wei.

113 Remember enough is as good as a feast, 
Having sketched a good snake don't add legs to the beast; 
And in fighting remember that others are bold, 
And tigers have claws though their teeth may be old.

114 The result of the new expedition will be told in the next chapter.



소설 三國演義
第001 - 019回 桃園結義, 除董卓, 三讓徐州, 斬呂布
第020 - 038回 煮酒論英雄, 千里走單騎, 滅袁紹, 三顧茅廬
第039 - 059回 長板坡, 赤壁之戰, 三氣周瑜, 戰馬超
第060 - 080回 入西川, 逍遙津, 取漢中, 失荊州, 魏蜀稱帝
第081 - 105回 彝陵之戰, 七擒孟獲, 六出祁山,
第106 - 120回 九伐中原, 破西蜀, 三分歸一統