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Chapter 111-03 대권을 잡은 사마소

  正行之際,忽然山中一軍突出,乃魏將陳泰也。魏兵一聲喊起,將姜維因在核心。維人馬困乏,左衝右突,不能得出。盪寇將軍張嶷,聞姜維受困,引數百騎殺入重圍,維因乘勢殺出。嶷被魏兵亂箭射死。維得脫重圍,復回漢中;因感張嶷忠勇,沒於王事,乃表贈其子孫。於是蜀中將士,多有陣亡者,皆歸罪於姜維。維照武侯街亭舊例,乃上表自貶為後將軍行大將軍事。

  卻說鄧艾見蜀兵退盡,乃與陳泰設宴相賀,大賞三軍。泰表鄧艾之功,司馬昭遣使持節,加艾官爵,賜印綬,並封其子鄧忠為亭侯。時魏主曹髦,改正元三年為甘露元年。司馬昭自為天下兵馬大都督,出入常令三千鐵甲驍將前後簇擁,以為護衛;一應事務,不奏朝廷,就於相府裁處。自此常懷篡逆之心。

  有一心腹人姓賈,名充,字公閭,及故建威將軍賈逵之子,為昭府下長史。充語昭曰:「今主公掌握大柄,四方人心必然未安;且當暗訪,然後徐圖大事。」昭曰:「吾正欲如此。汝可為我東行,只推尉勞出征軍士為名,以探消息。」

  賈充領命,逕到淮南,入見鎮東大將軍諸葛誕。誕字公休,乃瑯琊南陽人,即武侯之族弟也;向侍於魏;因武侯在蜀為相,因此不得重用;後武侯身亡,誕在魏歷重職,封高平侯,總攝兩淮軍馬。當日賈充託名勞軍,至淮南見諸葛誕。誕設宴待之。

  酒玉半酣,充以言挑誕曰:「近來洛陽諸賢,皆以主上懦弱,不堪為君。司馬大將軍三世輔國,功德彌天,可以禪代魏統。未審鈞意若何?」誕大怒曰:「汝乃賈豫州之子,世食魏祿,安敢出此亂言!」充謝曰:「某以他人之言告公耳。」誕曰:「朝廷有難,吾當以死報之。」

  充默然。次曰辭歸,見司馬昭細言其事。昭大怒曰:「鼠輩安敢如此!」充曰:「誕在淮南,深得人心,久必為患,可速除之。」昭遂暗發密書與揚州刺史樂綝,一面遣使齎詔徵誕為司空。誕得了詔書,己知是賈充告變,遂捉來使拷問,使者曰:「此事樂綝知之。」誕曰:「他如何得知?」使者曰:「司馬將軍已令人到揚州送密書與樂綝矣。」

  誕大怒,叱左右斬了來使,遂起部下兵千人,殺奔揚州來。將至南門,城門已閉,吊橋拽起。誕在城下叫門,城上並無一人回答。誕大怒曰:「樂綝匹夫,安敢如此!」遂令將士打城。手下十餘驍騎,下馬渡河,飛身上城,殺散軍士,大開城門。於是諸葛誕引兵入城,乘風放火,殺至綝家。綝慌上樓避之。誕提劍上樓,大喝曰:「汝父樂進,昔日受魏國大恩!不思報本,反欲順司馬昭耶!」


39 Soon Chen Tai came out from the hills, and Jiang Wei was surrounded by a shouting body of the enemy. He fought all directions, but could not clear the way. He and his horse were very weary when Zhang Ni, who had heard of his straits, came to his rescue with a body of cavalry. Zhang Ni cut his way in, and Jiang Wei immediately broke the siege and got out. Zhang Ni saved his general, but lost his own life in the melee. Finally Jiang Wei got back into Hanzhong.

40 From Hanzhong the death of Zhang Ni in battle was reported to the Latter Ruler, who bestowed suitable honors upon his family.

41 The Shu people blamed Jiang Wei for the serious loss of life of their relatives in the military operations that had just failed, and Jiang Wei, following the precedent in Jieting of the late Lord of Wuxiang, asked that he himself should be degraded in rank, retaining, however, the command. He was put back to General of the Rear Army.

42 The country being now cleared of the enemy, Chen Tai and Deng Ai prepared a banquet in honor of victory and gave rewards to the soldiers who had fought. Chen Tai sent a memorial to the capital upon the services of Deng Ai, and a special commission of Sima Zhao brought Deng Ai higher rank; the title of lordship was given to his son, Deng Zhong.

43 At this time the style of the reign in Wei was changed from Right Origin, the third year, to Gentle Dew Era, the first year (AD 256). Sima Zhao commanded all the military forces and made himself Empire's Commander-in-Chief. He assumed great pomp, and whenever he moved outside his palace, he was escorted by three thousand mail-clad guards, beside squadrons of cavalry. All power lay in his hands, and he decided all questions so that the court was rather in his palace than in that of the Emperor.

44 Plans for taking the final step constantly occupied his thoughts. The question of mounting the throne was openly mooted by Jia Chong, a confidant, who was a son of Commander Jia Kui. Jia Chong was holding the High Counselor office in the Prime Minister's palace.

45 Jia Chong said, "Sir, all real authority is in your hands, and the country is not tranquil. The only remedy is for you to become actual ruler, and you should find out who are your supporters."

46 Sima Zhao replied, "This has been in my thoughts a long time. You might be my emissary to the east to find out the feeling there. You can pretend you go to thank the soldiers who took part in the late campaign. That would be a good pretext."

47 Accordingly Jia Chong traveled into the South of River Huai, where he saw Zhuge Dan, General Who Guards the East. This officer was from Nanyang and a cousin of the late Lord of Wuxiang, Zhuge Liang. Zhuge Dan had gone to Wei for employment, but had received no significant office while Zhuge Liang was the Prime minister of Shu. After Zhuge Liang's death, Zhuge Dan's promotion was rapid. He was now Lord of Gaoping and Commander of the South and East of River Huai.

48 Jia Chong went to Zhuge Dan to ask him to convey to the army the appreciation of the soldiers' services. Jia Chong was received courteously, and at a banquet, when host and guest were both mellow with wine, Jia Chong set himself to discover Zhuge Dan's feelings.

49 Jia Chong said, "Lately in Luoyang there has been much talk of the weakness and lack of ability of the Emperor and his unfitness to rule. Now General Sima Zhao comes of a family noted for state service for three generations. His own services and virtues are high as the heavens, and he is the man best fitted to take the rulership of Wei. Is this not your opinion?"

50 But Zhuge Dan did not favor the suggestion. On the contrary, he broke out angrily, "You are a son of Jia Kui of Yuzhou, and your family have received the bounty of Wei. Yet you dare speak of rebellion!"

51 Jia Chong said, "I only repeat what people have said."

52 Zhuge Dan said, "If the state is in difficulty, then one ought to stand up for it even to the death!"

53 Jia Chong said no more. He soon returned and told Sima Zhao what had been said.

54 "The rat!" cried Sima Zhao, angrily.

55 "Zhuge Dan is exceedingly popular there in the South of River Huai; and if he is left too long, he will do harm."

56 Sima Zhao began to take measures. He wrote privately to Yue Chen, Imperial Protector of Yangzhou, and sent a messenger to Zhuge Dan with an edict making him Minister of Works. This meant that Zhuge Dan had to come to the capital.

57 But Zhuge Dan knew that Jia Chong had done him mischief, and he interrogated the messenger, who told him that Yue Chen knew all about the matter.

58 "How does he know?"

59 "General Sima Zhao sent him a private letter."

60 The messenger was condemned to death. Then Zhuge Dan placed himself at the head of his personal guard and marched to Yangzhou. The city gates were closed and the drawbridge raised. He summoned the gate, but no one answered.

61 "How dare this fellow Yue Chen treat me thus?" cried Zhuge Dan.

62 He ordered his troops to force the gate. Ten of his bold generals dismounted, crossed the moat, and climbed the ramparts, where they slew all who opposed them and opened the gate. The others entered, set fire to the houses, and began to fight their way toward the state residence.

63 The Imperial Protector sought refuge in a tower, but Zhuge Dan made his way up and reproached his enemy, crying, "Your father, Yue Jing, enjoyed the bounty of Wei. Yet you have not sought to repay the kindness of the Ruling House, but you want to help the rebel Sima Zhao!"



소설 三國演義
第001 - 019回 桃園結義, 除董卓, 三讓徐州, 斬呂布
第020 - 038回 煮酒論英雄, 千里走單騎, 滅袁紹, 三顧茅廬
第039 - 059回 長板坡, 赤壁之戰, 三氣周瑜, 戰馬超
第060 - 080回 入西川, 逍遙津, 取漢中, 失荊州, 魏蜀稱帝
第081 - 105回 彝陵之戰, 七擒孟獲, 六出祁山,
第106 - 120回 九伐中原, 破西蜀, 三分歸一統