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Chapter 118-01 촉한의 멸망

    第百十八回 哭祖廟一王死孝  入西川二士爭功

Weeping At The Ancestral Temple, A Filial Prince Dies;
Marching To The West River Land, Two Leaders Competes.

  卻說後主在成都,聞鄧艾取了綿竹,諸葛瞻父子已亡,大驚,急召文武商議。近臣奏曰:「城外百姓扶老攜幼,哭聲大震,各逃生命。」後主驚惶無措。忽哨馬報到說,魏兵將近城下。多官議曰:「兵微將寡,難以迎敵;不如早棄成都,奔南中七郡:其地險峻,可以自守,就借蠻兵,再來克復未遲。」光祿大夫譙周曰:「不可。南蠻久反之人,平昔無惠﹔今若投之,必遭大禍。」多官又奏曰:「蜀、吳既同盟,今事急矣,可以投之。」周又諫曰:「自古以來,無寄他國為天子者。臣料魏能吞吳,吳不能吞魏。若稱臣於吳,是一辱也。若吳被魏所吞,陛下再稱臣於魏,是兩番之辱矣。不如不投吳而降魏。魏必裂土以封陛下,則上能自守宗廟,下可以保安黎民。願陛下思之。」

  後主未決,退入宮中。次日眾議紛紛。譙周見事急,復上疏諍之。後主從譙周之言。正欲出降,忽屏風後轉出一人,厲聲而罵周曰:「偷生腐儒,豈可妄議社稷大事!自古安有降天子哉!」後主視之,乃第五子北地王劉諶也。後主生七子:長子劉璿,次子劉瑤,三子劉琮,四子劉瓚,五子即北地王劉諶,六子劉恂,七子劉璩。七子中惟諶自幼聰明,英敏過人,餘皆懦善。

  後主謂諶曰:「今大臣皆議當降,汝獨仗血氣之勇,欲令滿城流血耶?」諶曰:「昔先帝在日,譙周未嘗干預國政;今妄議大事,輒起亂言,甚非理也。臣切料成都之兵,尚有數萬;姜維全師,皆在劍閣;若知魏兵犯闕,必來救應,內外攻擊,可獲大功。豈可聽朽儒之言,輕廢先帝之基業乎?」後主叱之曰:「汝小兒豈識天時!」諶叩頭哭曰:「若勢窮力極,禍敗將及,便當父子君臣背城一戰,同死社稷,以見先帝可也﹔奈何降乎!」後主不聽。諶放聲大哭曰:「先帝非容易創立基業;今一旦棄之,吾寧死不辱也!」後主令近臣推出宮門,遂令譙周作降書,遣私署侍中張紹、駙馬都尉鄧良,同譙周齎玉璽來雒城請降。


1 The news of the fall of Mianzhu and the deaths in battle of Zhuge Zhan and Zhuge Shang, father and son, brought home to the Latter Ruler that danger was very near, and he summoned a council.

2 Then the officials said, "Panic has seized upon the people, and they are leaving the city in crowds. Their cries shake the very sky!"

3 Sorely he felt his helplessness. Soon they reported the enemy were actually near the city, and many courtiers advised flight.

4 "We do not have enough troops to protect the capital. Leave the city and flee south to the seven counties of Nanzhong," said they. "The country is difficult and easily defended. We can get the Mangs to come and help us."

5 But Minister Qiao Zhou opposed, saying, "No, no, that will not do. The Mangs are old rebels. To go to them would be a calamity."

6 Then some proposed seeking refuge in Wu: "The people of Wu are our sworn allies, and this is a moment of extreme danger. Let us go thither."

7 But Qiao Zhou also opposed this, saying, "In the whole course of past ages no emperor has ever gone to another state. So far as I can see, Wei will presently absorb Wu, and certainly Wu will never overcome Wei. Imagine the disgrace of becoming a minister of Wu and then having to style yourself minister of Wei. It would double the mortification. Do neither. Surrender to Wei, and Wei will give Your Majesty a strip of land where the ancestral temple can be preserved, and the people will be saved from suffering. I desire Your Majesty to reflect well upon this."

8 The distracted Latter Ruler retired from the council without having come to any decision. Next day confusion had become still worse. Qiao Zhou saw that matters were very urgent and presented a written memorial. The Latter Ruler accepted it and decided to yield.

9 But from behind a screen stepped out the fifth of the Emperor's sons, Liu Chan, Prince of Beidi.

10 Liu Chan shouted at Qiao Zhou, "You corrupt pedant, unfit to live among people! How dare you offer such mad advice in a matter concerning the existence of a dynasty? Has any emperor ever yielded to the enemy?"

11 The Latter Ruler had seven sons in all---Liu Rui, Liu Dao, Liu Zhong, Liu Zan, Liu Chan, Liu Xue, and Liu Ju. But the ablest, and the only one above the common level of people, was this Liu Chan.

12 The Latter Ruler turned feebly to his son and said, "The ministers have decided otherwise: They advise surrender. You are the only one who thinks that boldness may avail, and would you drench the city in blood?"

13 The Prince said, "While the First Ruler lived, this Qiao Zhou had no voice in state affairs. Now he gives this wild advice and talks the most subversive language. There is no reason at all in what he says, for we have in the city many legions of soldiers, and Jiang Wei is undefeated in Saber Pass. He will come to our rescue as soon as he knows our straits, and we can help him to fight. We shall surely succeed. Why listen to the words of this dryasdust? Why abandon thus lightly the work of our great forerunner?"

14 The Latter Ruler became angry at this harangue and turned to his son, saying, "Be silent! You are too young to understand Heaven's will!"
15 Liu Chan beat his head upon the ground and implored his father to make an effort.

16 "If we have done our best and defeat yet comes, if parents and children, lords and ministers have set their backs to the wall and died in one final effort to preserve the dynasty, then in the shades of the Nine Golden Springs we shall be able to look the First Ruler in the face, unashamed. But what if we surrender?"

17 The appeal left the Latter Ruler unmoved.

18 The Prince cried, "Is it not shameful in one day to throw down all that our ancestors built up with so great labor? I would rather die."

19 The Latter Ruler, now very angry, bade the courtiers thrust the young man out of the Palace. Then he ordered Qiao Zhou to prepare the formal Act of Surrender. After it had been written, three officers---Adviser Zhang Shao, Imperial Son-in-Law and Commander Deng Liang, and Minister Qiao Zhou---were sent with it and the Hereditary Seal to the camp of Deng Ai to offer submission.




소설 三國演義
第001 - 019回 桃園結義, 除董卓, 三讓徐州, 斬呂布
第020 - 038回 煮酒論英雄, 千里走單騎, 滅袁紹, 三顧茅廬
第039 - 059回 長板坡, 赤壁之戰, 三氣周瑜, 戰馬超
第060 - 080回 入西川, 逍遙津, 取漢中, 失荊州, 魏蜀稱帝
第081 - 105回 彝陵之戰, 七擒孟獲, 六出祁山,
第106 - 120回 九伐中原, 破西蜀, 三分歸一統