01The Eastern Qing Mausoleums.jpg
중국 The Eastern Qing Mausoleums  
Hebei, China  
The Eastern Qing Mausoleums (qīng dōng líng 清东陵), located 125 kilometers northwest of Beijing, are among the finest and largest extant Mausoleum complexes in China. Like the Western Qing Mausoleums (qīng xī líng 清西陵) are the sacred burial grounds of Qing emperors, empresses and imperial concubines. Situated to the west of Malanyu (mǎ lán yù 马兰峪) Village in Zunhua (zūn huà 遵化) City of Tangshan (táng shān 唐山), the entire complex covers an area of 2,500 square kilometers. The construction of the tombs was begun in the second year of the reign of Emperor Kangxi (kāng xī 康熙: 1663). The main Mausoleums include those of the following emperors, here listed with their reign periods: Shunzhi (shùn zhì 顺治: 1644-1661), Kangxi (1662-1722),  Qianlong (qián lóng 乾隆: 1736-1796), Xianfeng (xián fēng 咸丰: 1851-1861), Tongzhi (tóng zhì 同治: 1862-1875), and Empress Dowager Cixi (cí xǐ 慈禧: died 1908). In addition, four Mausoleums containing the remains of 136 imperial concubines and one Mausoleum for princesses are also located here. 


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