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중국 Shandong Travel Guide
Shandong, China
 
Shandong (Shāndōng 山东) is a coastal province of eastern People's Republic of China. Its abbreviation is Lu (lǔ 鲁), after the state of Lu (lǔ guó 鲁国) that existed here during the Spring and Autumn Period (chūn qiū shí qī 春秋时期).

The name Shandong literally means "mountain's east", which refers to the province's location east of the Taihang Mountains (tài háng shān 太行山). The province is located in the lower reaches of the Yellow River and extends out to sea in the form of the Shandong Peninsula. Shandong borders the Bohai Sea (bó hǎi 渤海) to the north, Hebei (hé běi 河北) to the northwest, Henan (hé nán 河南) to the west, Jiangsu (jiāng sū 江苏) to the south, and the Yellow Sea to the southeast; it also shares a very short border with Anhui (ān huī 安徽), between Henan and Jiangsu.

A common nickname for Shandong is Qilu (qí lǔ 齐鲁), after the state of Lu and state of Qi that existed here during the Spring and Autumn Period.



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