중국 Tangshan 唐山 : The Cradle of Chinese Modern Industry  
Hebei, China  
Tangshan (táng shān 唐山) is located in the central section of circum-Bohai Gulf (bó hǎi wān 渤海湾) region, facing the Bohai Sea in the south, depends on Yan mountains (yān shān 燕山) in the north, border Luanhe (luán hé 滦河) River, which ranks No.2 in North China, with Qinhuangdao (qín huáng dǎo 秦皇岛) city in the east, the west adjoin with Beijing and Tianjin (tiān jīn 天津). Tangshan is part of North China Plain, and it is the corridor linking two major regions of North China and Northeast China, making it a throat strategic area. 

Tangshan was well known by the whole world for an earthquake. It suffered this earthquake of moment magnitude 8.2 (7.8 from official report) at 3:42 a.m. on July 28, 1976, which caused a tragically tremendous number of injuries and deaths. The official death toll was 255,000, but many experts believed that the actual number of fatality was two to three times that number, making it the most destructive earthquake in modern history. As a result of the earthquake, most of the town had to be rebuilt.

Historically, the Chinese modern industry started in this city. The first railway in China was built from Xugezhuang (xū gè zhuāng 胥各庄) to Tangshan in 1877 and the first fire-resistant material manufactory, and the first and largest cement manufactory were constructed in Tangshan as well.


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