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호주 교도소 유적
Australian Convict Sites (문화(iv)(vi) , 2010), Australia

- 18-19세기 대영제국이 호주 땅에 건설한 범죄자 유적
- 주로 시드니 인근과 타스마니아 지역, 노포크 섬과 프리맨틀 지역으로 당시 원주민들이 강제이주를 당한 비옥한 해안지역에 위치
- 처벌을 위한 수감과 식민지 건설을 위한 강제노역을 통한 교역 목적으로 건설
- 대규모 범죄자 이송과 유럽열강의 식민지 확장을 보여주는 우수한 사례로 꼽힘

The property includes a selection of eleven penal sites, among the thousands established by the British Empire on Australian soil in the 18th and 19th centuries. The sites are spread across Australia, from Fremantle in Western Australia to Kingston and Arthur's Vale on Norfolk Island in the east; and from areas around Sydney in New South Wales in the north, to sites located in Tasmania in the south. Around 166,000 men, women and children were sent to Australia over 80 years between 1787 and 1868, condemned by British justice to transportation to the convict colonies. Each of the sites had a specific purpose, in terms both of punitive imprisonment and of rehabilitation through forced labour to help build the colony. The Australian Convict Sites presents the best surviving examples of large-scale convict transportation and the colonial expansion of European powers through the presence and labour of convicts.

Australia-UNESCO World Heritage 



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