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그리스.로마신화 > 관련 인물들 > Echo 관련그림들
 
In Greek mythology, Echo (Greek ?χ?) was an Oread (a mountain nymph) who loved her own voice. Zeus loved consorting with beautiful nymphs and visited them on Earth often. Eventually, Zeus's wife, Hera, became suspicious, and came to Earth in an attempt catch Zeus with the nymphs. 

Echo wanted to save her nymph friends, so she talked to Hera incessantly in order to distract her and allow time for Zeus and the nymphs to leave. However, Hera eventually interrupted Echo and went into the field where Zeus and the nymphs had been. When she saw the field was empty, Hera realized what Echo had done and punished her. 

Ovid's version of events states that Zeus employed Echo to occupy Hera whilst he continued with his adulteries. Hera soon saw through this ruse and punished her so that she could say only the last words of other people's sentences (echolalia). She could not speak of her own accord and so was deprived of the thing she loved the most. 

In the time of Echo's suffering, there was a human named Narcissus. He was so handsome that every girl or boy that saw him immediately fell in love with him. But Narcissus had no heart, and loved no one. 

One day, Echo met Narcissus and, like every other girl and boy, fell in love with him. Echo could not speak to him, but she had felt she needed to see him. So Echo followed him, just enough to see him, but not enough to be seen. 

Narcissus became lost and called out, "Is anyone here?" 

Echo said, "Here, here, here." 

Narcissus told whoever was there to come out. Echo came out and, because she couldn't talk, used her hands to show Narcissus how much she loved him. Narcissus, annoyed that so many people liked him, rejected her love. Echo, heart-broken, prayed to Aphrodite for death. Her prayer was answered, but Aphrodite loved her voice, so she let her voice live on. 

Ovid's version of the tale states that a boy who had also fallen in love with Narcissus made a prayer to the gods, asking that Narcissus suffered from an unrequited lust as he had made others do. The prayer was answered by the goddess Nemesis - she who ruins the proud, who cursed Narcissus into falling in love with his own reflection. He eventually dies of heartbreak and is carried to the Underworld where he is forever tormented by his own reflection in the river Styx. 

Alternatively, Echo was a nymph who was a great singer and dancer and scorned the love of any man. This angered Pan, a lecherous god, and he instructed his followers to kill her. Echo was torn to pieces and spread all over the Earth. 

The goddess of the earth, Gaia, received the pieces of Echo, whose voice remains repeating the last words of others. 

In some versions, Echo and Pan first had one child: Iambe. 
 

 
그리스 신화에 나오는 산의 요정인 오레이아스. 

오비디우스의 〈변형담 Metamorphoses〉에서 에코는 헤라 여신에게 계속 이야기를 시킴으로써 남편 제우스가 바람 피우는 것을 염탐하지 못하게 했기 때문에, 헤라의 노여움을 샀다. 그 벌로 에코는 남의 끝말을 되풀이하는 것말고는 말하는 능력을 완전히 빼앗기고 말았다. 에코는 나르키소스를 사랑하지만, 나르키소스는 물에 비친 자신의 모습을 사랑하게 되었다. 이 이룰 수 없는 사랑에 절망한 에코는 차츰 쇠약해져, 마지막에는 목소리밖에 남지 않게 되었다. 그리스의 작가 롱고스에 따르면, 에코가 판 신의 유혹을 거절하자, 판 신은 목동들을 미치게 했고, 미친 목동들은 에코를 갈기갈기 찢어 죽였다. 그러자 대지의 여신 가이아는 에코의 찢긴 사지를 묻어주고 노래하는 능력만은 계속 간직할 수 있도록 허락했다.