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Chapter 112-01 다섯번째 좌절

    第百十二回 救壽春于詮死節  取長城伯約鏖兵  

Rescuing Shouchun, Yu Quan Dies Nobly;
Attacking Changcheng, Jiang Wei Mobilizes.

卻說司馬昭聞諸葛誕會合吳兵前來決戰,乃召散騎長史斐秀、黃門伺郎鍾會,商議破敵之策。鐘會曰:「吳兵之助諸葛誕,實為利也;以利誘之,則必勝矣。」昭從其言,遂令石苞、周太引兩軍於石頭城埋伏,王基、陳騫領精兵在後,卻令偏將成倅引兵數萬先去誘敵;又令陳俊引車仗牛馬驢騾,裝載賞軍之物,四面聚集於陣中,如敵來則棄之。

  是日諸葛誕令吳將朱異在左,文欽在右;見魏陣中人馬不整,誕乃大驅士馬逕進。成卒退走,誕驅兵掩殺,見牛馬驢騾,遍滿郊野,南兵爭取,無心戀戰。忽然一聲砲響,兩路兵殺來;左有石苞,右有周太。誕大驚,急欲退時,王基、陳騫精兵殺到。誕兵大敗。司馬昭又引兵接應。誕引敗兵奔入壽春,閉門堅守。昭令兵四面圍困,併力攻城。

  時吳兵退屯安豐,魏主車駕駐於項城。鍾會曰:「今諸葛誕雖敗,壽春城中糧草尚多,更有吳兵屯安豐以為犄角之勢,今吳兵四面攻圍,彼緩則堅守,急則死戰。吳兵或乘勢夾攻,吾軍無益。不如三面攻之,留南門大路,容賊自走;走而擊之,可全勝也。吳兵遠來,糧必不繼。我引輕騎抄在其後,可不戰而自破矣。」昭撫會背曰:「君真吾之子房也!」遂令王基撤退南門之兵。

  卻說吳兵屯於安豐,孫琳喚朱異責之曰:「量一壽春城不能救,安可併吞中原?如再不勝必斬!」朱異乃回本寨商議。于詮曰:「今壽春南門不圍,某願領一軍從南門入去,助諸葛誕守城。將軍與魏兵挑戰,我卻從城中殺出,兩路夾攻,魏兵可破矣。」

  異然其言。於是全懌、全端、文欽等,皆願入城。遂同于詮引兵一萬,從南門而入城。魏兵不得將令,未敢輕敵,任吳兵入城,乃報知司馬昭。昭曰:「此欲與朱異內外夾攻,以破我軍也。」乃召王基、陳騫分付曰:「汝可引五千兵截斷朱異來路,從背後擊之。」

  二人領命而去。朱異正引兵來,忽背後喊聲大起;左有王基,右有陳騫,兩路軍殺來,吳兵大拜。朱異回見孫琳。琳大怒曰:「累兵之將,要汝何用!」叱軍士推出斬之。又責全端子全禕曰:「若退不得魏兵,汝父子休來見我!」¥於是孫琳自回建業去了。鍾會與昭曰:「今孫琳退去,外無救兵,城可圍矣。」昭從之,遂催兵攻圍。全禕引兵殺入壽春,見魏兵勢大,尋思進退無路,遂降司馬昭,昭加禕為偏將軍,禕感昭恩德,乃修家書與父全端、叔全懌言孫琳不仁,不若降魏,將書射入城中。懌得禕書,遂與端引數千人開門出降。諸葛誕在城中憂悶。謀士蔣班焦彝進言曰:「城中糧少兵多,不能久守,可率吳、楚之眾,與魏兵決一死戰。」誕大怒曰:「吾欲守,汝欲戰,莫非有異心乎!再言必斬!」二人仰天長嘆曰:「誕將亡矣!我等不如早降,免至一死!」


1 Hearing of this threatened attack, Sima Zhao sought advice from two of his officers, High Counselor Pei Xiu and Palace Assistant Zhong Hui.

2 Zhong Hui said, "The Wu army is helping our enemies for the sake of profit, and hence we can seduce them with an offer of greater profit."

3 Sima Zhao agreed in this opinion and resolved accordingly. As part of his plan, he sent Shi Bao and Zhou Cai to lay ambushes in different places near Shouchun.

4 As ordered by Sima Zhao, Wang Ji and Chen Qian commanded an army of veterans on the rear, Cheng Zu led thirty thousand troops out to bring on a battle, while Chen Jun got together many wagons, herds of oxen, droves of horses, donkeys and mules, and heaps of military supplies, all of which he crowded together in the midst of the army. This stuff was meant to be abandoned as soon as the fight began, so that the enemy might be tempted to plunder.

5 That day, Zhuge Dan led the center army, while Zhu Yi and Wen Qin commanded the left and right armies. The armies being drawn up, Zhuge Dan looked across at his opponents and saw that the center of the Wei army was taken up by a disorderly mass of transport. Presently he led on his troops to attack, and Cheng Zu, as bidden to do, gave way and fled, leaving a large amount of spoil. When the soldiers of Wu saw such huge quantities of booty, theirs for the taking, they lost all desire to fight and scattered to gather the spoil.

6 While thus occupied, suddenly a bomb exploded and, from left and right, down came Shi Bao and Zhou Cai and the army of Wei upon the spoilers. Zhuge Dan attempted to draw off, but other forces under Wang Ji and Chen Qian appeared, and he was heavily smitten. Then came on Sima Zhao with his army, and Zhuge Dan fled to Shouchun, where he entered and shut the gates. The army of Wei set down to the siege of the city, and the army of Wu retired into camp at Anfeng. The Ruler of Wei, Cao Mao, was lodging at this time in Xiangcheng.

7 Then said Zhong Hui, "Zhuge Dan has been worsted, but the city wherein he has taken refuge is well supplied, and his allies, the troops of Wu, are not distant. His position is strong. Our soldiers are besieging the city all round, which means that those within will hold out for a long time, or they will make a desperate sortie. Their allies also may fall upon us at the same time, and it would go hard with us. Therefore, I advise that the attack be made only on three sides, leaving the south gate open for them if they wish to flee. If they flee, we can fall on the fugitives. The troops of Wu cannot have supplies for very long. If we sent some light cavalry round by their rear, we might stay their fighting power without a battle."

8 "You are my Zhang Liang," said Sima Zhao, stroking the back of his adviser. "Your advice is excellent!"

9 So Wang Ji, who was on the south of the city, was ordered to withdraw.

10 But in the Wu camp at Anfeng was much sadness at the want of success.

11 Sun Chen said to General Zhu Yi, "If we cannot succor Shouchun, how can we hope to overrun the Middle Land? Now and here you have to win a victory or die, for another defeat will mean death."

12 Zhu Yi went back to his camp and talked with Yu Quan.

13 Yu Quan said, "The south gate of Shouchun is free, and I will lead therein some of our troops to help Zhuge Dan. Then you challenge the Wei army on one side, and we will come out from the city and attack on the other side."

14 Zhu Yi thought the plan good, and Quan Yi, Quan Duan, and Wen Qin were willing to go into the city and share in the attack. They were allowed to march in without hindrance as the Wei generals had no orders to stop them.

15 When this was reported to Sima Zhao, he said, "This is a plan to defeat our army by making a front and rear attack."

16 So he called Wang Ji and Chen Qian and told them to take five thousand troops to keep the road along which Zhu Yi would come and strike him in rear.

17 Zhu Yi was advancing toward the city when he heard a shouting in the rear, and soon the attack began from two sides by Wang Ji and Chen Qian. His army was worsted and returned to Anfeng.

18 When Sun Chen heard of this new defeat, he was very angry.

19 "What is the use of leaders who always lose?" cried he.

20 He sentenced Zhu Yi to death, and upbraided Quan Wei, son of Quan Duan, and said, "If you do not drive off this army of Wei, let me never again see your face, nor that of your father."

21 Then Sun Chen returned to Capital Jianye.

22 When this was known in the Wei camp, Zhong Hui said to his chief, "Now the city of Shouchun may be attacked, for Sun Chen has gone away, and there is no hope of succor for the besieged."

23 A vigorous assault began. Quan Wei tried to cut his way through and get into the city. But when he saw Shouchun quite surrounded by the enemy and no hope of success, he gave in and went over to Sima Zhao, by whom he was well received and given the rank of General.

24 Deeply affected by this kindness, Quan Wei wrote to his father, Quan Duan, and uncle, Quan Yi, advising them to follow his example. He tied the letter to an arrow and shot it over the walls. Quan Yi found the letter, and he and Quan Duan, with their several thousand troops, came out and yielded.

25 Within the city Zhuge Dan was very sad.

26 Two advisers, Jiang Ban and Jiao Yi, came to him and said, "The food in the city is short, and the soldiers are many; this can not last long. General, you should let the Wu troops to go out and make a decisive fight with the Wei army."

27 Zhuge Dan turned on them angrily.

28 "Why do you tell me to fight when I am set on holding out to the very last? If you say that again, you shall die as traitors!"

29 "He is lost!" said they, going away. "We can do no other than surrender or we shall die too."



소설 三國演義
第001 - 019回 桃園結義, 除董卓, 三讓徐州, 斬呂布
第020 - 038回 煮酒論英雄, 千里走單騎, 滅袁紹, 三顧茅廬
第039 - 059回 長板坡, 赤壁之戰, 三氣周瑜, 戰馬超
第060 - 080回 入西川, 逍遙津, 取漢中, 失荊州, 魏蜀稱帝
第081 - 105回 彝陵之戰, 七擒孟獲, 六出祁山,
第106 - 120回 九伐中原, 破西蜀, 三分歸一統